Modelling for Science, for a better future - some recent outcomes
Seismic hazard and risk assessment based on the unified scaling law for earthquakes
by A. Nekrasova, V. G. Kossobokov, I. A. Parvez, X. Tao
The Unified Scaling Law for Earthquakes (USLE), that generalizes the Gutenberg–Richter recurrence relation, has evident implications since any estimate of seismic hazard depends on the size of territory that is used for investigation, averaging, and extrapolation into the future. Therefore, the hazard may differ dramatically when scaled down to the proportion of the area of interest (e.g. a city) from the enveloping area of investigation. In fact, given the observed patterns of distributed seismic activity the results of multi-scale analysis embedded in USLE approach demonstrate that traditional estimations of seismic hazard and risks for cities and urban agglomerations are usually underestimated. Moreover, the USLE approach provides a significant improvement when compared to the results of probabilistic seismic hazard analysis, e.g. the maps resulted from the Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Project (GSHAP). In this paper, we apply the USLE approach to evaluating seismic hazard and risks to population of the three territories of different size representing a sub-continental and two different regional scales of analysis, i.e. the Himalayas and surroundings, Lake Baikal, and Central China regions.
Comparing statistically downscaled simulations of Indian monsoon at different spatial resolutions
K Shashikanth, C. G Madhusoodhanan, Subimal Ghosh, T. I. Eldho, K. Rajendran and Raghu Murtugudde
Impacts of climate change are typically assessed with fairly coarse resolution General Circulation Models (GCMs), which are unable to resolve local scale features that are critical to precipitation variability. GCM simulations must be downscaled to finer resolutions, through statistical or dynamic modelling for further use in hydrologic analysis. In this study, we use a linear regression based statistical downscaling method for obtaining monthly Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall (ISMR) projections at multiple spatial resolutions, viz., 0.05°, 0.25° and 0.50°, and compare them.
A Preliminary Study on Rainfall Pattern before and after the January 26, 2001 Bhuj Earthquake (Mw 7.7) over Kachchh Region of Western Peninsular, India.
by Parul C. Trivedi, H. P. Joshi and Imtiyaz A. Parvez
Under the influence of great debate on relation between earthquake and rainfall, some scientists have carried out detailed study and now commonly accepted that heavy rainfall can trigger earthquake at the faults or fractures depending upon the local geology. Here, an attempt is made to check relation between earthquake and rainfall with different scientific approaches. We have attempted to critically examine the relation between the Bhuj earthquake-aftershocks sequence and the rainfall pattern over the region as large earthquake (Mw 7.7) has occurred on January 26, 2001 in Kachchh region of western peninsular shield of India and the aftershocks are being reported till the date. We have analyzed rainfall data for 20 years, i.e. 10 years before and 10 years after the main shock of January 26, 2001, recorded by three meteorological observatories in the Kachchh region. We have studied annual total rainfall for two decades, annual rainfall departures from the climate normals, number of rainy days and number of heavy rainfall days during the period for all the three meteorological observatories of Kachchh region. We have found significant increase in all the measured rainfall parameters i.e. annual total rainfall, number of rainy days and number of heavy rainfall days over the Kachchh region during last decade i.e., from 2001 to 2010 after the main shock. Numbers of negative departures have been decreased during the last decade compared to previous decade. Thus rainfall pattern over Kachchh region is being changed. This increase in rainfall activity over Kachchh region may have been influenced by large earthquake and continuing aftershock activities over the region.
- Ultra-high Resolution Global Model Climate Change Projection for India: Towards a Data Intensive Paradigm
- The Role of Microzonation in Estimating Earthquake Risk
- Seismotectonic implications of strike–slip earthquakes in the Darjiling–Sikkim Himalaya
- A comparative evaluation of impact of domain size and parameterization scheme on simulation of tropical cyclones in the Bay of Bengal
- Estimation of seismic hazard and risks for the Himalayas and surrounding regions based on Unified Scaling Law for Earthquakes